Women in Kentucky - Military

Julia Ann Marcum:During the Civil War, Julia Marcum and her family sided with the Union—a decision that resulted in repeated sieges against the family by Confederate troops. In one such attack on their home in Scott County, Tennessee, Julia Marcum, a teenager at the time, used an ax to fight off a Confederate soldier. She wounded him and her father shot him, but not before she lost an eye and a finger. The Marcums were forced out of Tennessee and made Casey County, Kentucky, their temporary home.

After the war Julia Marcum returned to Tennessee and taught school, but eventually thewounds she had suffered during the war proved disabling. She fought for and obtained a soldier’s pension from the United States government in 1885, making her the only woman to be recognized as a combatant in the Civil War. She returned to Kentucky and lived there for the last 50 years of her life. Upon her death in Williamsburg, Kentucky, she received military honors at her funeral.

View a hand-written portion of Julia Marcum’s account of the September, 1861 attack on the Marcum home or click here to read the entire text.

Read portions of diaries kept by two Kentucky women during the Civil War.

Click here to get informations in german!

Site Overview


A. What

Performing Arts
Public Service

B. When

View a selected history of women
View a selected history of women
Sounds and images
Civil War Diaries

C. Where

Central / Northern Kentucky
Western Kentucky
Eastern Kentucky
Southern Kentucky


Selected Readings
Educational Tools
Web tools
Archival Collections
Children's Books

E. About this Project

Women in Sports:

Minnie Adkins
Elizabeth Barret, Anne Lewis, Mimi Pickering, & Justine Richardson
Jane Burch Cochran
Joan Dance
Enid Yandell

Women in Business:

Nelda Barton-Collings
Julia Dinsmore
Laura Freeman
Mattie Mack
Lena Madesin Phillips
Caroline Burnam Taylor

Women in Education:

Helen Lew Lang
Katherine Pettit
Jane Stephenson
Cora Wilson Stewart

Women in Health/Medicine:

Mary Britton
Linda Neville
Ora Framer Porter
Louise Southgate, M.D.

Women in Journalism:

Linda Boileau
Alice Allison Dunnigan

Women in Law:

Pearl Carter Pace
Lt. Colonel Linda Smith

Women in Literature:

Effie Waller Smith

Women in Military:

Lt. Anna Mac Clarke
Capt. Helen Horlacher Evans
Julia Ann Marcum

Women in Music:

Sarah Ogan Gunning
Helen Humes
Lily May Ledford
Reel World String Band
Jean Ritchie
Mary Wheeler

Women as Pioneers:

Esther Whitley

Women in Public Service:

Governor Martha Layne Collins
Emma Guy Cromwell
Rep. Mary Elliott Flanery
Sen. Georgia Davis Powers
Lt. Gov. Thelma Stovall

Women in Reform:

Madeline McDowell Breckinridge
Laura Clay
Eula Hall
Josephine Henry
Belinda Mason
Lois Morris
Eliza Caroline Calvert Obenchain
Charlotte Richardson
Joan Robinett
Mary Sue Whayne
Corinne Whitehead
Evelyn Williams

Women in Religion:

Eldress Nancy Moore
Rabbi Gaylia Rooks

Women in Science:

Sarah Frances Price
Ellen Churchill Semple

Women in Sports:

Terri Cecil-Ramsey
Geri Grigsby
Audrey Whitlock Peterson
Mary T. Meagher Plant