Women in Kentucky - Military
Julia Ann Marcum:During the Civil War, Julia Marcum and her family sided with the Union—a decision that resulted in repeated sieges against the family by Confederate troops. In one such attack on their home in Scott County, Tennessee, Julia Marcum, a teenager at the time, used an ax to fight off a Confederate soldier. She wounded him and her father shot him, but not before she lost an eye and a finger. The Marcums were forced out of Tennessee and made Casey County, Kentucky, their temporary home.
After the war Julia Marcum returned to Tennessee and taught school, but eventually thewounds she had suffered during the war proved disabling. She fought for and obtained a soldier’s pension from the United States government in 1885, making her the only woman to be recognized as a combatant in the Civil War. She returned to Kentucky and lived there for the last 50 years of her life. Upon her death in Williamsburg, Kentucky, she received military honors at her funeral.
View a hand-written portion of Julia Marcum’s account of the September, 1861 attack on the Marcum home or click here to read the entire text.